History of Periodic Table (Dobereiner, Spiral, Newlands, Meyer’s, Mendeleeve, Moseley Periodic Table), Modern Periodic law and Periodic Table, Atomic No. and Modern Periodic Table, (X-Rays), Quantum Numbers, Hunds Rule, Pauli’s exclusion principle, Auf bau principle.
Atomic Structure and Periodic Table, Periods, Groups (A + B) Classification of elements based on s, p, d & f orbitals. Group Anomalies, Artificial (Man made) elements. Oxidation states of Lanthanide and Actinides.
Screening Effect, Shielding effect, Penetration of orbitals, Effective Nuclear Charge, Group Trend & Periodicity, and Size of atoms & ions, Isoelectronic species.
Covalent Radii, ionic radii, Vander wall radii, Lanthanide contraction, Ionization energy (definition, unit, example successive I.P variation in Periodic Table) Electron Affinity (definition, unit, example, variation in Periodic Table), Charge Density, Polarizability and polarizing power.
Electronegativity, Electropositivity, Redox Potential, Oxidation, Reduction,Standard Hydrogen Electrode. Electrochemical Series, its Applications, Trend of Redox potential in Periodic Table.
Types of Chemical Bond, Ionic Bond (NaCl, CsCl), Lattice Energy, Born Haber Cycle, Factors responsible for the stability of ionic compounds, Characteristic features, Variable valency, Covalent Bond, Characteristic features, Characteristic features of Co-ordinate Covalent bond, Vander Waals Forces.
Hydrogen Bonding, Nature of Hydrogen Bonding, Importance of Hydrogen Bonding,
Valence Bond Theory (VBT), Postulates, (Mathematical Derivation) and its application, (F2, O2, HCl), Hybridization of orbitals (sp, sp2, sp3)
Hybridization (dsp2, dsp3, d2sp3, d3sp3), sigma and Pi Bond, Molecular orbital Theory (MOT) bonding and Antibonding Molecular orbitals, Application of MOT Formation of H2 Molecule.
Application of MOT Formation of He2, Li2, O2, N2, F2, HF, difference between VBT and MOT, Resonance.
Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) Theory, postulates AB2, AB3, AB2E, AB4, AB3E, AB2E2, AB5, AB4E, AB3E2, AB2E3, AB6, AB5E, AB7. Exercise and discussion.
Acid and Bases, Definition, Arhernius Concept, Lowry Bronsted Concept, Lewis Concept, Lux-Flood Concept, Usanovich Concept,
Strength of acid and Base, pH, PKa and PKb, Buffers, Indicators (Acid-base, Redox and adsorption). Soft and Hard Acid-base (SHAB Concept), Characteristic features of Soft and hard acid-bases, applications of soft and hard acid-bases.
Law of Mass action, Application of law of mass action, Solubility Product, Common ion effect and its application.
The course aims to help the students to review undergraduate inorganic chemistry and prepare them for advanced Chemistry courses. It is assumed that students taking this course have basic knowledge of general inorganic chemistry at the undergraduate level. We will cover topics relating to periodic table, chemical boding, acids and bases and chemical equilibrium.
Course Learning Outcomes
Having successfully completed this module students will be able to:
• debate the atomic structure
Illustrate the explanation of atomic structure
Explain electronic structure of atom
Relate the quantum numbers and atomic orbitals
• evaluate the periodic properties of elements
Relate periodic properties of elements
Express the periodic properties of elements
• estimate molecular structure
Relate the molecular structure and Lewis dot notation
Calculate formal charge
• Demonstrate the resonance forms of molecules
Calculate bonding energy
• estimate types of chemical bonding
Adapt Valance Bond theory to molecule structure
• Explain the covalent bond with hybridization
Adapt the Molecular Orbital theory to molecular structure
Explain the molecular geometry with VSEPR theory
• Illustrate the explanation of Acids and Bases
The periodic table - classification of elements
Valence Electrons and the Periodic Table
Energy Levels, Sublevels, Orbitals, & Pauli Exclusion Principle
The Periodic Table: Atomic Radius, Ionization Energy, and Electronegativity
The Effective Nuclear Charge and the Shielding Effect
The Shielding Effect and Effective Nuclear Charge
Electronegativity and polarizability
coordinate covalent bond
Covalent and ionic bond
hybridization of atomic orbitals
VBT and Hybridization
Shapes of Molecules VSEPR Theory
VSEPR Theory Molecular Shapes
Acid Base equilibrium
Acid Base : Salt Solution and Buffers
Lowary and Bronsted Theory of Acid and Base
pH and Buffers
Acid Base, pH and pOH
Valence Bond Theory
Law of Mass Action
Law of Mass Action and Equilibrium Constant
Law of Mass Action
VSEPR Theory PPt
Born Haber Cycle
Book Title : Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry
Author : Muhammad Zafar Iqbal
Edition : Revised and Enlarged edition
Publisher : Ilmi Kitab Khana
Book Title : Shriver, Atkins Inorganic Chemistry
Author : Peter Atkins,Tina Overton, Jonathan Rourke, Mark Weller, Fraser Armstrong, Mike Hagerman
Edition : 5th
Publisher : W.H. Freeman and Company
Book Title : Selected Topics In Inorganic Chemistry
Author : G.D.Tuli
Edition : Revised Edition
Publisher : S. Chand & Company Ltd.New Delhi, India